Hidden in Plain Sight: Racism, White Supremacy, and Far-Right Militancy in Law Enforcement


Racial dispar­it­ies have lengthy pervaded each and every step of the crim­inal justice approach, from police stops, searches, arrests, shoot­ings and other uses of force to char­ging decisions, wrong­ful convic­tions, and sentences. foot­note1_t3c8c9h1 As a outcome, quite a few have concluded that a struc­tural or insti­tu­tional bias against people of color, shaped by extensive-stand­ing racial, economic, and social inequit­ies, infects the crim­inal justice method. foot­note2_f8ppena2 These systemic inequit­ies can also instill impli­cit biases — uncon­scious preju­dices that favor in-groups and stig­mat­ize out-teams — amongst indi­vidual regulation enforce­ment offi­cials, influ­en­cing their day-to-day actions when inter­act­ing with the general public. 

Law enforcement reforms, usually imposed soon after incid­ents of racist miscon­duct or brutal­ity, have centered on address­ing these uncon­scious mani­fest­a­tions of bias. The U.S. Depart­ment of Justice (DOJ), for example, has demanded impli­cit bias train­ing as element of consent decrees it imposes to root out discrim­in­at­ory […]